Frequency and Attributes of Sexual Hookups Among First-Semester Woman Students

Frequency and Attributes of Sexual Hookups Among First-Semester Woman Students


First-semester female university students (letter = 118) completed (a) reports to estimate the incidence of intimate hookups and (b) event-level tests to clear up the personality feature regarding most recent hookup. Hookups regarding dental, vaginal, or sodomy comprise documented by 51per cent ahead of college, 36% during their earliest term, and 60 percent towards the end regarding primary semester. Event-level analyses expose that hookups comprise prone to require pals (47percent) or contacts (23per cent) other escort service in evansville than visitors (14%); liquor use (central = 3 beverages) preceded 64percent of hookups. Condoms were utilised during 69% of genital intercourse hookups.

Famous courses, including Unhooked (Stepp, 2007) and connecting (Bogle, 2008), depict a pervading sex-related a€?hookupa€? tradition among high school and university students. These influential account get on anecdotal facts to claim that standard matchmaking might replaced by a€?hooking upward.a€? Hookups include sexual communications between couples that aren’t in an enchanting commitment (Bogle, 2008). Although scholarly data throughout the hookup sensation has started to appear, two basic problems remain unanswered: How common is hookups? and exactly what characterizes a hookup? The present studies tackled this pair of crucial problems.


Self-confidence in previous shows associated with occurrence of hookups are undermined by the use of imprecise definitions of hookup collaborations and demeanor. The sort of commitment might described inconsistently, with some writers restricting hookups to a€?one-night standsa€? (for example, Eshbaugh & Gute, 2008; Penhollow, offspring, & Bailey, 2007) among others stipulating just about the couples stop being in an enchanting connection (e.g., Garcia & Reiber, 2008; Owen, Rhoades, Stanley, & Fincham, in hit). Hookup behaviors have also definitely not been determined properly (e.g., Lambert, Kahn, & fruit, 2003; Paul, McManus, & Hayes, 2000), allowing kids to identify the definition idiosyncratically. Using investigator-generated explanations for hookup does not fix this methodological test because children may forget this description and respond to questions making use of their personal perception of the word. For that reason, to manage these considerations with the current economic research, you decided not to operate the phrase hookup as soon as examining incidence. As an alternative, we outlined a casual spouse in a manner that caught the essence of starting up (cf. Bogle, 2008; Paul & Hayes, 2002) and inquired about certain erectile habits so partnerships.

Characterizing hookups

Youth use the words a€?hookupa€? to refer to many personal interactions between lovers (Paul & Hayes, 2002). The ambiguity natural within the name affords security but obscures a precise understanding of the experience. As a result, then the other goal of this study were investigate the defining traits of hookups as reported by college or university people. 1 Toward this close, you made use of an event-level solution to elicit details about participantsa€™ newest hookup (cf. Weinhardt & Carey, 2000); this method brings down memory space stress, prevents calculating across ideas, and precise information regarding hookups.

Most of us researched eight size of hookups that have possibly definitely not started well-researched or have now been reliant on contradictory outcomes: (1) spouse kinds (for example, good friends, strangers), (2) time of the partnership (a€?one-night standa€? vs. several happenings), (3) beer and medicine make use of, (4) the drive for hookups (e.g., sexual interest, peer pressure level), (5) the precise sex-related actions that occurred, (6) condom usage, (7) psychological reactions, and (8) differences when considering romantic connections and hookups.



Players were 118 first-semester women college students hired from an introductory psychology training for research on a€?health symptoms and interactions.a€? Normally, participants were 18 yrs . old (SD = 0.2). Cultural credentials got 71% Caucasian, 12% Asian, 10% Hispanic, 5per cent African United states, and 2percent different. At study entrance, more participants (61per cent) happened to be unmarried, twenty percent comprise in a committed romance, 18percent were dating someone, and 1per cent are online dating multiple person. At learn entry, participants in addition documented about 2.4 life oral gender couples (SD = 3.2, mean = 2), and 1.5 life genital love lovers (SD = 1.9, typical = 1). All participants resided in on-campus house halls in their first term and had not been yet eligible to join sororities.


All techniques had been approved by the organization Assessment table. After supplying prepared aware permission, youngsters accomplished two surveys. The initial study (T1) taken place at the outset of the term in September 2007, and also the next research (T2) ended up being finished following the term at the end of December or beginning December 2007 (n = 109). The studies were associated utilizing a non-traceable laws. Upon completion, people gotten system account.

Survey Resources

In the first portion of the survey, most people sent an email to request information about sociodemographic attributes (for example., period, ethnicity, commitment level) and erotic traditions (that is,., wide range of life dental and genital love-making mate).

Further, we examined the frequency of hookups. To prevent yourself from dilemmas built-in in previous investigation (recognized previous), most people failed to utilize the term a€?hookup.a€? As an alternative, we asked about particular erotic actions with a casual companion, described as a€?someone that you had not been online dating or even in an enchanting partnership with and, during the erectile discussion, you needed no common requirement of an intimate persistence.a€? Females recommended with what amount of laid-back lovers that were there engaged in: (a) kissing, (b) experienced chest affected, (c) pressing partnera€™s genitals or getting your genitals affected beyond and (d) underneath of clothing/underwear, (elizabeth) oral love-making, (f) vaginal love, and (g) sodomy, before turning up on campus (T1) and for the reason that showing up on campus (T2).

Second, most of us applied traits of hookups making use of 12 things that need college students regarding their current a€?hookup.a€? Contained in this segment, we purposely utilized the words a€?hookupa€? but most of us would not create a definition; this necessary that girls report on any enjoy they thought to be a hookup. Here, they certainly were need: (a) after hookup took place, (b) with who they installed (stranger, associate, pal, ex-boyfriend, additional), and (c) whether am the first occasion they connected get back companion. They certainly were also questioned (d) should they taken alcoholic drinks or drugs ahead of the hookup, just in case very (elizabeth) exactly how many beverage (using regular meanings; Dufour, 1999), and/or (f) what drug(s). Participants showed (grams) precisely what certain erectile demeanor taken place, and whether a condom had been if (h) oral sexual intercourse or (we) genital or rectal intercourse happened. Furthermore suggested (j) the reason why they hooked up from a summary of 19 intentions (adapted from Regan & Dreyer, 1999; Weaver & Herold, 2000). Last, they certainly were questioned from what scope these people (k) took pleasure in and/or (fifty) regretted her latest hookup, on split 7-point Likert machines. For all the points, female had the substitute for suggest they have never ever installed.

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